About Erra Matti Dibbalu Visakhapatnam
Nearly two decades ago, the Port City lost the Red Sand Hills at RK Beach, which used to run from the Kali Temple Yoga Village, after it fell prey to real estate activities. Today, the Erra Matti Dibbalu Visakhapatnam is one in every of the sole three such existing formations in South East Asia the other two being in Tamil Nadu (Teri Sands) and Sri Lanka. This rare natural surprise near Bheemili, that took centuries to create, covers nearly one hundred acres with a number of the hills almost 20-30 meters tall.
According to geologically consultants, Erra Matti Dibbalu were fashioned around 12,000 years past because of sea-land interaction and comprise a combination of sand (40-50%), silt and clay (another 50%) with oxidation of garnets conveyance the unique red color.
As one drives past INS Kalinga towards Bheemili, one will feel water debilitating into the sea from little red ravines shaped across the beach. questioning however these red ravines shaped and what is turning the ocean water red? It’s the geo-heritage site of Erra Matti Dibbalu or coastal Red Sand Hills that is literally harm because it gets washed away.
In the drift of the Bay of Bengal, to the south of the edge of Bheemunipatnam, there is a region that involves deep-canyon red sand hills approximately 4 km long and 2 km long, you can find it in Google Earth. This territory is alluded in Telugu as “Erra Matti Dibbalu” also known as ‘Red Sand Hills’. It is restricted by streams “Chittigadda” within the North-West and “Peddagadda” within the South-West. Amid that time the ocean level rose to as much as 150 feet and fell away is circumstances to the ebb and flow level.
Between these swaying ocean levels the drift was submerged and uncovered again and again, gigantic volumes of mud, sediment and sand secured the drift from where the ocean water had retreated. Because of the extraordinary changes in climatic conditions the material under the sandy hills “heated” in the sun like a block gets prepared in a furnace prompting the exceptional red sand ridges. Accordingly activity of the breeze and streaming water caused the profoundly gullied trademark scene.
Because of the attraction the dunes has for visitors and perhaps the potential for revenue, the Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development authorities have been contemplating putting up some tourist facilities here. In 2009 the department excavated the gedda bed near the beach road with the intention to build concrete structures there. When the Indian National Trust for Architecture and Cultural Heritage Visakhapatnam (Vizag) Chapter , INTACH, pointed out that such a facility would gravely endanger the fragile topography of the area the department graciously agreed to stop further construction and subsequently covered up the excavations.
Erra Matti Dibbalu, that appears sort of a mini Chambal formation nearly suggests that red mud hillocks. Locater near Bheemunipatnam, the red sand dunes with occasional patches of inexperienced trees were once up to 40 mts high. These area unit planate to a height of 15m because of course of varied constructions that came up on the Bheemili beach. The million year old vast stretch of red hillock covered by green vegetation with blue waters of the Bay of Bengal on one side provides a picturesque feast for the visitors.
Geological Survey of India
- The Geological Survey of India (GSI) was discovered in 1851 primarily to seek out coal deposits for the Railways.
- The main functions of the GSI relate to creation and updation of national Geo-scientific data and mineral resource assessment.
- It is headquartered in Kolkata, and has six regional offices located at Hyderabad, Nagpur, Lucknow, Shillong, Jaipur and Kolkata and State Unit offices in almost all States of the country.
- Presently, GSI is an attached office to the Ministry of Mines.